Published Resources Details Book Section
- The Encyclopaedia Britannica
- The Encyclopaedia Britannica Company, New York, 1911, pp. 53-58
This entry in the Eleventh edition of The Encyclopaedia Britannica reviews the developments made in torpedo warfare between 1805 and 1911. Topics covered include: spar torpedoes, controlled locomotive torpedoes (Lay, Sims-Edison and Brennan); uncontrolled torpedoes (Howell and Whitehead); Gyroscopic control mechanisms; torpedo carriages and discharge; the use of torpedoes in naval warfare and their effect on naval tactics.