Published Resources Details Journal Article

Wilson, C. T. R.
On an Expansion Apparatus for making Visible the Tracks of Ionising Particles in Gases and some Results obtained by its Use
Proceedings of The Royal Society, Section A
vol. 87, 1912, pp. 277-292

Accession No.2084


'In a recent communication I described a method for making visible the tracks of ionising particles through a moist gas by condensing water upon the ions immediately after their liberation. At that time I had only succeeded in obtaining photographs of the clouds condensed on the ions produced along the tracks of alpha-particles and of the corpuscles set free by the passage of X-rays through the gas. The interpretation of the photographs was complicated to a certain extent by distortion arising from the position that the camera occupied. The expansion apparatus and the method of illuminating the clouds have both been improved in detail, and it has now been found possible to photograph the tracks of even the fastest beta particles, the individual ions being rendered visible. In the photographs of the X-ray clouds the drops in many of the tracks are also individually visible; the clouds found in the alpha-ray tracks are generally too dense to be resolved into drops. The photographs are now free from distortion. The cloud chamber has been greatly increased in size; it is now wide enough to give ample room for the longest alpha-ray, and high enough to admit of a horizontal beam of X-rays being sent through it without any risk of complications due to the proximity of the roof and floor.'